Lancashire. Birthplace of the textile revolution. Served by the port of Liverpool,
Lancashire became a hotspot for textile production using many of the raw materials
from the colonies of the British Empire.
The 18th century saw agricultural reform, a move away from subsistence farming to
higher productivity farming practices in order to fuel the ever increasing population
- especially in the cities and towns. As a result, the populace was driven to new
occupations such as weaving. As higher levels of mechanisation developed, more people
were drawn to the 'mill towns', and the rural populations found themselves working
quarries and mines to supply the towns.
New canals and waterways were built to bring in raw materials to the towns, and to
take away the finished products. New occupations such as navvy, clay puddlers and
The 19th Century brought the railways, Stephenson’s Rocket operated on the Liverpool
and Manchester railway. The Bolton and Leigh Railway was the first public railway
in Lancashire, opening in 1828. Towns like Horwich became Loco towns